The first action that was taken to remove discrimination in America started after the end of the Civil War. All men were now eligble to vote. However, many states across the nation passed laws making it very difficult for minorities to actually vote. They were subject to poll taxes and absurdly difficult literacy tests. These were part of the Jim Crow laws. Laws against interracial marriages or intimacy persisted until well into the 20th century. Discrimination based on disability was outlawed in 1990. As 2015, the United States Congress has yet to pass legislation prohibiting discrimination based on gender or sexual orientation.
The civil rights movement in the United States refers to a set of noted events and reform movements in that country aimed at abolishing public and private acts of racial discrimination and racism against African Americans and other disadvantaged groups between the years of 1954 and 1968, particularly in the Southern United States. But, some groups like the Black Panther Party, The Young Lords, and the Brown Berets looked to more harsh tactics to make a revolution that would establish, particularly, self-determination for US minorities. In 1963 the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedoms was a large political rally that took place in Washington D.C and is best remembered for the glorious and historical speech that Martin Luther King Jr gave which was the “I Have A Dream” advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march. The march was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations under the theme “jobs, and freedom”, the march is high recognized and credited as helping to pass the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the National Voting Rights Act in 1965. Noted achievements of the Civil Rights Movement in this area include the judicial victory in the Brown v Board of Education case that nullified the legal article of “separate but equal” and made segregation legally impermissible, passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that banned discrimination in employment practices and public accommodation, passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 that banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing.